Friday, 11 January 2008

Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs



Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs



Homonym

noun [C] a word that sounds the same or is spelled the same as another word but has a different meaning: e.g., ‘Bow’ (= bend at the waist) and ‘bow’ (= weapon) are also homonyms. RIGHT- RIGHT

LEFT - LEFT

NAIL - NAIL

BOARD - BOARD

WELL - WELL

BEAR - BEAR

LIGHT - LIGHT

MIND - MIND

BAT - BAT

SEAL - SEAL

BOOK - BOOK

BALL - BALL

LETTER - LETTER

WORD - WORD

SENTENCE - SENTENCE


1. The BAT cannot use the BAT and ball.

2. We can use our NAILS to pick the NAILS.

3. That was a RIGHT dicision to turn the knob to the RIGHT.

4. She turned LEFT and then LEFT her bag there in the corner.

5. No one feels WELL when one falls into a WELL.

6. I cannot BEAR the weight of that huge BEAR.


Homograph


noun [C] a word which is spelled the same as another word and might be pronounced the same or differently, but which has a different meaning: e.g., ‘Bow’ meaning the front of a ship, ‘bow’ meaning a loop made in a string or ribbon and ‘bow’ meaning a device used to shoot arrows are all homographs.


PRODUCE - PRODUCE

PRODUCT - PRODUCT

bow -- bow

close -- close

content -- content

contract--contract

convert-- convert

desert-- desert

lead --lead

minute --minute

object --object

produce --produce

project --project

read--read

refuse --refuse

row --row

tear -- tear

used -- used

wind --wind

wound --wound


Homophone


noun [C] a word which is pronounced the same as another word but has a different meaning or a different spelling or both: e.g., ‘so’ and ‘sew’ are homophones.

Write - Rite Wright - Right

Sea - See

Two - Too

Weak - Week

Ear - Year

Here - Hear

Dose - Doze

Sell - Cell

Storey - Story

Hare - Hair

Pray - Prey

Meat - Meet

I - Eye

Principle - Principal

Sight - Cite

Weigh - Way

Steel - Steal

Son - Sun

Nail - Nile

Mind - Mined

Sent - Scent

Sail - Sale

Site - Sight etc.

accessary ---accessory
accessible ---assessable
adapt ---adopt
advice ---advise
aid ---aide
all ---awl
allay ---alley
allowed ---aloud
altar ---alter
ant ---aunt
antic ---antique
attach ---attache
bail ---bale
bare--- bear
bate ---bait
be ---bee
bean--- been
beat ---beet
berth ---birth
boar ---bore
board ---bored
boy ---buoy
brake ---break
brows ---browse
but ---butt
canvas ---canvass
carat ---carrot
caught ---court
cell ---sell
check ---cheque
clause ---claws
coarse ---course
complement ---compliment
concert ---consort
creak--- creek
dairy ---diary
days ---daze
dear--- deer
defer ---differ
desert ---dessert
device--- devise
die ---dye
doe ---dough
does ---doze
envelop ---envelope
extant ---extent
fain ---feign
fair ---fare
faun ---fawn
feat ---feet
find--- fined
flea ---flee
franc--- frank
gait ---gate
gilt ---guilt
grate ---great
hair ---hare
heel ---heal
hoarse--- horse
hole ---whole
hour ---our
humorous ---humerus
idle ---idol
in ---inn
jealous ---zealous
knead--- need
knot--- not
know--- no
leak--- leek
lean ---lien
least--- list
lie ---lye
lief ---leaf
loan--- lone
main ---mane
maize ---maze
male ---mail
mask ---mosque
meat--- meet
mind--- mined
mode ---mowed
naval--- navel
none ---nun
one ---won
pail ---pale
pain ---pane
pair ---pare
peace ---piece
peak ---peek
peal ---peel
pearl ---purl
peer--- pier
pray--- prey
queue ---cue
quiet--- quite
racket--- racquet
rain ---reign
rain ---rein
raise--- rise
read ---reed
real ---reel
rest ---wrest
road ---rode
rye ---wry
sale ---sail
sauce ---source
scene--- seen
seam ---seem
sell ---cell
sent ---scent
sever ---severe
sole--- soul
sort ---sought
stair ---stare
steal ---steel
story ---storey
suite ---sweet
tail ---tale
trail ---trial
troop ---troupe
urn ---earn
vain ---vane
warn ---worn
wail ---whale
waist--- waste
wait ---weight
weak--- week
weather ---whether
wet ---whet
wreath ---wreathe
wring--- ring
yew ---you

(Please do refer a good dictionary for the meanings of the words given here.) -

Bedre N. Manjunath M.A.,

Transmission Executive,

All India Radio F.M.

CHITRADURGA - 577 501, KARNATAKA Ph: 94485-89089

1 comment:

Frederick Guyton said...

thanks for this article! many people are confused of such notions! http://royalediting.com/feel-the-difference-homophones-homonyms-and-homographs will help you to cope with understanding once and forever!